Populist Political Mobilisation

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Aurelien Mondon

For Stephanie Luke: Hello! Thank you for this very interesting paper! Lots to take in and I look forward to seeing some of your results in a published form. Your paper raises some fascinating points and questions with regard to mainstreaming and the way various actors are discussed (rightly or wrongly) as agents and/or subjects. My main comment at this stage is about the creation of the “noisy opposition”. I have often found that when it comes to discussing mainstreaming, the far right is often positioned in a predominantly agent position, that is, it influences the discourse and if successful,… Read more »

Stephanie Luke

Thank you very much for your feedback, it is much appreciated. I think that would be really useful to look into whether the AfD has forced itself and its pet issues or whether they have been let in. In reality, I would think it has been a bit of both. I was using the term ‘noisy opposition’ to relate to the AfD’s presence in the Parliament, constantly interjecting and verbally opposing the other parties’ views, whereas prior to the AfD’s presence, it was much more ‘polite’, and very little opposition. I will definitely look into the work on anti-populism. I… Read more »

Aurelien Mondon

Glad to hear my feedback was useful and thank you again for your interesting paper!

Aurelien Mondon

For Mike Bolt: Hello! Thank you, another fascinating paper and I found myself cringing a number of times as you read the quote and seeing what has happened since the vote… The data you have collected and the way you organise it is excellent and you touch on many great point, but I felt you let you viewer do the analysis at times rather than spell out why your research and data matters. I think I know where you are going but it could be spelled out better. For example, your conclusion points to two fascinating issues but I wish… Read more »

Mike Bolt

Hi Aurelien,  Thank you very much for the really useful and practical feedback.   In the work, I wanted to try and challenge the idea of the Leave vote as just a protest vote. I think it was particularly interesting that VL were essentially presenting themselves as an alternative government toward the end of the campaign with their ‘framework’ document, stressing that a Leave vote was also a vote for something.  The similarity between VL and the other ‘unofficial’ campaigns is something I am really interested in and try to stress in the paper. I have not seen much from… Read more »

Aurelien Mondon

Hi Mike,

Fascinating, and I can’t wait to read more about your work as it’s really important I think. On the more practical side, I would really encourage you to make what is a great contribution to the field front and centre (as you have in your response) and use the data to back it up.

I haven’t come across anything from an RPA perspective on other referenda either which is surprising as I think your approach offers something new to help us understand what happened. Maybe your next project? 🙂

Aurelien Mondon

For Denis Ivanov: Hello! Thank you for the presentation! I know a bit about Hungary but it was great to see a case that is generally understudied and learn about it! The paper brings up a lot of very interesting findings and I think the shifts on immigration in particular and the impact this has is very promising as a contribution. Obviously, it is difficult to discuss everything in 15 minutes, so you have probably addressed this in your work, but here are a few thoughts: I would have liked to hear more about the comparison and justification of cases.… Read more »

Denis Ivanov

Dear Aurelien, Thanks a lot for the comments, I take all the criticism, especially on “populist parties” and am currently going into the direction of classifying them both as starting out as niche, challenger parties and moving into becoming mainstream parties with experience in government. I was wondering if you thought that there was a better way to go or you perhaps have any reference you had in mind for another classification?

Aurelien Mondon

Dear Denis, Glad you found it useful! Obviously, there is not one correct way to go about it and I would hate to sound prescriptive. However, I think terminological precision is essential, whatever term you end up choosing as it will avoid misunderstandings (and people making comments like mine 🙂 ). If you want to know where I am coming from more precisely, and what I think are some of the issues with using populism as a sole descriptor, this might be of interest: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1350508418768053 If you cannot access it, feel free to email me and I will send you… Read more »

Denis Ivanov

Sounds great! thanks for the reference 🙂

Aurelien Mondon

For Micaela Musacchio Strigone: Hello, Thank you for this presentation! Great research topic and I think it will be a significant contribution to the literature and will fill a necessary gap in knoweldge. While these interactions have been studied in the past, it’s in great need of updating so I am really excited about this! I think your case studies are very good too and I really look forward to hearing/reading about the other two and whether you find trends across cases. I like your theoretical frameowork as I think it covers a lot, but was wondering why you chose… Read more »

Micaela Musacchio Strigone

Hello Aurelien, Thank you so much for your feedbacks and your encouragement. I’ll try to address the main points you’ve raised. You are right, I have to better define the frames/discourse concept. I use the concept of frames to empirically investigate the discourses of the far-right actors. I choose the concept of frames mainly because I’m adopting a Social Movement Theory approach and therefore, I thought it would make more sense to investigate the discursive side by adopting the concept of frames. However, I totally see your point and I think that I need to work more on adjusting the… Read more »

Aurelien Mondon

Hi Micaela,

Thank you, that clarifies a lot of my questions and makes me even more interested to read the paper when it is written.

I understand the choices made with regards to the categories and actions, but it might be worth considering in a future project what role their combination plays as this may play a particular role.

All the best with your research!

Micaela Musacchio Strigone

Thank you very much Aurelien.

I will definitely think about the co-occurence of issues and how to record them properly. I did not think about it and it’s a very valid point.
Thank you again for your feedbacks!

Gabriele Pinto

For Micaela: Hi Michela and thanks for your presentation.   I think the argument is very interesting and I have some questions about the methodology you use. I would like to ask if you could clarify how you coded the claims. Is there a specific set of rules for each category you look at? how you validate these rules? I think it would be good if you give some examples of your coding procedure. For instance, how you explain the volatile behavior of the “law & order” dimension of casapound? might this be related to few observations or some issues… Read more »

Micaela Musacchio Strigone

Hi Gabriele, Thank you very much for your comments, they are truly helpful! You are absolutely right, I have to be clearer in my methodological choices.  As I have responded to Aurelian, the categories that I have used to record the issues are the same that have been adopted in similar studies. I used these in order to allow some comparability with previous works and also in order to allow future cross-references with my work. For each claim I have recorded only the main topic of their claim and when there are overlapping claims (as in the case of immigration-criminality… Read more »

Gabriele Pinto

Hi Micaela, I get all your points and I think they are all satisfactory and definitely address my doubts/comments. Reflecting on what you are saying regarding Casa-Pound, I am wondering if the relationships between party and movements you describe are specific to the right-wing arena, or if something similiar can be observed also in the left-wing (e.g. thinking about the relationship between established left wing parties such as PD and the movements, activists etc.. linked to squat and occupations). But this might be another research question. congrats again for your interesting project. p.s. I think he point of the “ideological… Read more »

Micaela Musacchio Strigone

Hi Gabriele! I’m sorry for the ideological category! I messed up the points raised. Regarding left-wing movement-party relations, there is more literature on the topic than on far-right. However, the literature focuses more on the institutionalization of left-wing movements and the relations on parties in government. It is therefore a still under-researched topic. I believe that the dynamics that I aim to uncover still apply to the left as I believe that parties will always look for innovative strategies and frames when electorally weak. However, the left (especially in the last years and in the countries that I look at)… Read more »

Micaela Musacchio Strigone

For Denis Ivanov  Hi Denis, I watched your presentation and I found it fascinating. The necessity to overcome too simplistic cultural vs economic causes is all too real.  I also really liked your approach and I liked that you look at within-cases and cross-cases changes in your analysis. I have only two comments. 1. Why do you focus on these two cases? What is the ratio behind your case selection? The same for the time-frame of your analysis 2. You briefly look at the positions of other parties that are in the national party systems. I think you could expand… Read more »

Denis Ivanov

Hi Micaela! Thanks for the suggestions and the words of appreciation. For some reason, I did not manage to upload the paper which covers some of the issues on case selection and the time frame. But basically those two cases represent a case of success and failure of visible positional shifts of major parties that have been in government on multiple occassions. They went from initially center-left into all the way to employing far right politics in their discourses at one point or another. I find your comment on coaptation/competition strategies very interesting and was wondering if you could recommend… Read more »

Micaela Musacchio Strigone

Hi Denis! Thank you very much for your reply! It helps a lot in clarifying my questions. Regarding the strategies of party competitions I think that a seminal article is: MEGUID, B. (2005). Competition Between Unequals: The Role of Mainstream Party Strategy in Niche Party Success. American Political Science Review, 99(3), 347-359. doi:10.1017/S0003055405051701. Moreover, a very similar approached has been used in a recent edited book by Albertazzi and Vampa (2021) Populism and New Patterns of Political Competition in Western Europe. Routledge. I hope these texts could be useful. Good luck with your amazing work and I’m really looking forward… Read more »

Giorgia Borgnino

Hi Micaela! Really interesting topic and great presentation! Well, you have already clarified some questions I had by answering other comments, so I just want to wish you good luck with your next steps. I really look forward to seeing the results for the other cases! 

Micaela Musacchio Strigone

Hi Giorgia! Thank you very much for your kind words! I hope I’ll have the results ready sometime soon 🙂
Thank you again!

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